Adhere to life first, safety first-written on the occasion of the 31st International Day for Disaster Reduction
Original title: Adhere to life first, safety first-written on the occasion of the 31st International Day for Disaster Reduction
Beijing, October 13th Topic: Adhere to life first and safety first-written on the occasion of the 31st International Day for Disaster Reduction
Reporters Wei Yukun and Liu Xiacun
On the morning of the 13th,An actual combat training for earthquake disaster relief is underway in Chongqing.More than 400 people from 16 professional teams from Chongqing, Sichuan and other places,Using professional rescue tools such as demolition and support,Take turns to conduct training in subjects such as the search and rescue of personnel who simulate the collapse of buildings and the rescue of people trapped in shafts.
It was the 31st International Day for Disaster Reduction.This earthquake disaster rescue actual combat training is the first time that the Emergency Management Department has specially organized a cross-provincial, municipal, and cross-professional joint rescue training for professional rescue teams of hazardous chemicals, mines, tunnels and other safety production.It vividly embodies the theme of this year’s International Day for Disaster Reduction-“Improving Disaster Risk Management Ability”.
my country is one of the countries with the worst natural disasters in the world.There are many types of disasters, wide distribution areas, high frequency of occurrence, and heavy losses.Strengthen disaster management capacity building,As it is a top priority,It is also a long-term task.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China,The party and the country always attach great importance to disaster risk prevention and control work,All regions and departments insist on life first and safety first,Accelerate the modernization of natural disaster prevention systems and prevention capabilities,Minimize disaster losses,Effectively guarantee the safety of people’s lives and property.
Play good first moves and take the initiative,Focus on prevention and combine prevention and rescue,The advantages of our country’s disaster relief and mitigation system continue to show.April 16, 2018The Ministry of Emergency Management of the People’s Republic of China was officially listed.Under the new system,The comprehensive advantages of emergency management departments are effectively utilized,The professional advantages of relevant departments are fully reflected.
this summer,my country suffered the worst flood situation since 1998-
There were 18 numbered floods in Dajiang Dahe Dahu,Basin floods occurred in multiple rivers at the same time,There was a huge flood in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River,751 rivers have experienced floods above the warning water level.
Facing complicated and severe flood conditions,The emergency management department organizes daily meetings and judgments with meteorological, water conservancy, natural resources and other departments.Preset rescue forces in advance;
China Meteorological Administration provides timely and rolling rain monitoring, forecasting and early warning services,The Ministry of Water Resources keeps a close eye on flood trends,The Ministry of Natural Resources strengthened the monitoring and early warning of geological disasters and marine disasters;
All regions release early warning information in a timely manner,Strengthen personnel transfer to avoid risks,No one settles down, no one misses.
Thanks to the advantages of the new flood control system and the continuous improvement of disaster risk management capabilities,The number of emergency transfers nationwide is the largest in recent years.The flood prevention and disaster relief have achieved significant phased victory.
Improve disaster risk management capabilities,To target key areas and weak links,Strengthen the construction of grassroots emergency response capabilities.
In recent years,All regions and departments continue to strengthen the construction of disaster information personnel,Combine disaster prevention, mitigation and relief with grassroots social governance, public services, etc.Establish and improve the grassroots emergency command system,The emergency response capability at the grassroots level continued to increase.
Hebei Province actively guides the grassroots to implement normalized and institutionalized investigation of hidden dangers,Support and guide community residents and social forces to extensively participate in the investigation and management of hidden dangers of disasters; Shanxi organizes the development of expert technical services into the community activities in the whole province,Carry out in-depth lectures on disaster prevention, reduction and relief knowledge and emergency rescue skills.
Statistics from the Emergency Management Department show thatIn 2019, the country received a total of natural disasters 8.20,000,The average increase over the past 5 years has increased by 23.4%,The quantity and quality of disaster information has been further improved,It provides strong support for emergency management decision-making.
Improve disaster risk management capabilities,We must insist on prevention at the source,Really solve the problem at the beginning and before the disaster.
In recent years,All regions and departments have carried out in-depth science popularization and education,Enhance the awareness of disaster prevention and mitigation and scientific emergency response capabilities of the whole society,Build a strong civil defense line for disaster prevention, mitigation and relief.
In Chengdu, Sichuan,The local application of the concept of “tourism culture + disaster prevention and mitigation”,Created a batch of disaster reduction cultural products that the people like to hear,Let the masses increase their awareness of scientific disaster prevention and mitigation in a subtle way;
In Qingdao, Shandong,The local area carried out “first responder” training among citizens,Training on emergency care knowledge such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, hemostasis, fracture fixation, etc.,Pass the assessment and obtain the “first responder” emergency care certificate.By the end of 2019,80,000 people in Qingdao have participated in the “first responder” training,Effectively increase the popularization rate of emergency care knowledge among the masses.
The Ministry of Emergency Management recently released the national natural disaster situation in the first three quarters of 2020.Compared with the average of the same period in the past five years,The number of people affected by disasters fell by 11.8%,The number of people killed or missing due to the disaster dropped by 40.1%,The number of collapsed houses fell by 61.2%.
”Thirteenth Five-Year” ended,The “14th Five-Year Plan” will begin.Actively promote the modernization of my country’s emergency management system and capabilities,It is also an important task for our country to enter a new stage of development.
The Standing Committee meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held in July this year emphasized thatTo comprehensively improve disaster prevention capabilities,Adhere to the combination of prevention and rescue,The construction of major projects, making up for shortcomings of important infrastructure, urban waterlogging management, strengthening of disaster prevention and preparedness systems and capacity building are included in the “14th Five-Year Plan” for overall consideration.
The relevant person in charge of the Emergency Management Department said,facing the future,All regions and relevant departments will improve the information sharing mechanism,Focus on improving the level of disaster risk monitoring and early warning; adhere to group prevention and group governance,Strengthen the civil defense line for disaster prevention, mitigation and relief; strengthen overall coordination,Effectively guarantee the safety of people’s lives and property.